Monday, January 26, 2015

1950s PUNK: Sex, Thugs, and Rock'n'Roll!

...with blistering Music Player!

Ersel Hickey

Spotify playlist title = 1950's PUNK & SEX

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*(This Player is limited to the first 200 songs.
Hear the unlimited Playlist here.)

now brings you the actual, all-inclusive history of Rock'n'Soul music each week.

History Checklist

1950s Rock'n'Roll is the original Punk music. Here are the rawest, raunchiest platters that shatter.

Leather up and let's ride!

Sparkle Moore

The Hydrogen Jukebox

The real '50s was dangerous.

Forget "Sappy Days" and kitsch retro diners. The 50's was McCarthyism, the Civil Rights Movement, nuclear fears, and the explosion of the first youth culture. Every revolution has its voice and for the youth that tonsil-shredding howl was Rock'n'Roll.

Rock'n'Roll isn't simply a sound, it's a concept: putting cool things together makes a new thing even cooler. It is a mutation process that is exponential.

It has infinite branches and came from myriad roots; listen closely to those original wax sides and you can hear not just edgy blues and jump jive boogie, but also clanging honky-tonk, bluegrass fluidity, gospel chorals, scronking jazz, classical strings, Cajun hoedowns, New Orleans rippling keys, Hawaiian pedal steel, Mexican folk ditties, Vaudeville slapstick, Cuban cha cha cha, Tin Pan Alley torch all-inclusive, all-inviting sonic maelstrom.

It was everything those new world kids had ever heard combined and it spoke for them when they hadn't existed on the social radar before.

Playing "duck and cover" under the school desk wasn't going to save you.

The soothing consumable fantasy that they were being sold at every turn was a lie, and they knew it instinctively: Where is Democracy in segregation? Why is Rosie the Riveter back to being a house slave? Who tends the fields for no fair pay? Who beats up or executes the whistleblowers?

Despite the Red Scare, the "Enemy" wasn't Out There, it was right here; in the smiling duplicity, in the rampant poverty, in the corrupt police system, in the arms race to erase the human race.

Teenagers were considered a larval stage meant to become pod replicas of these mad liars. Something must be done to liberate oneself from this spirit-crushing machine. Some kind of movement...

It was in their hips all along.

To have a movement ya gotta move first. This is the Beat Generation, unbeaten, beatific, blasting beatitude to thebeat thebeat thebeat. The dance is rebellion, the dance is liberation, the dance is seduction, the dance is fornication. Dancing together ends constriction and induces new conceptions. The physical has become political. No more segregation, no sexual repression, no fear, no devil's due, "no more cryin' the blues". Gather together, get it on.

And, of course, Rock'n'Roll was a euphemism for DOIN' IT.

'Hey great-balls-of-fire, time to huckle up to the hucklebuck and shake rattle and roll that train all night long. The girl can't help it if she's the one who hollars more more more, so shake a leg coz when she's starts eruptin' ain't nobody gonna make her stop. Mercy!'

This is the generation "burning for the ancient heavenly connection to the starry dynamo in the machinery of night!" (Ginsberg). These are the first teens, this is the regeneration, this is the declaration of self. This is the future.

Howlin' Wolf

"Angel headed hipsters" cavorting to the Devil's Music. It's the crossroads paved by Robert Johnson, careening frenzied between heaven and hellfire. "Gonna run through the world 'til he understands his pain/ Somebody help him get the demon home again," roars Screamin' Jay.

Or maybe, just maybe, it's the end of all that Either/Or chess game. Maybe This-vs-That just got aced by the full spectrum of things. No more Black and White, no more cold war, no more madonna or whore. Every body, everybody everywhere, needs more more more. 'Goin' down that road, move hot rod move me, boom-chicki-boom-chi-bop-bop!'

This is the modern world. This middle decade is the crossroads to tomorrow.

Freeways to anywhere, radio towers strobing the night, TV theme songs and Sci Fi movies, cheap paperbacks and loose money. Use these tools to subvert it all, upstarts, to revert it to its promise which has been lost. Find yourselves, find the future. Who you are, who you aren't. 'Walk 47 miles of barbwire, sprinkle oogley-oogley all under your bed, just move on up try for further coz you're in a frenzy.'

"Rocket 88" is arguably the first Rock'n'Roll song. It's a '48 jump jive song called "Cadillac Boogie" retooled with a kit on it. This time it's faster, sung by horny teenagers who want to carouse crazy in a fast car on cheap wine. The guitar amp got damaged before the studio gig and emitted a snarling angry fuzz. There it is, that hard clang, that brutal buzz, that lascivious sneer. The jukebox is now a jackknife, baby. These are the first punk songs that rocked the sisters and brothers like furthermuckers.

And the Edge wasn't always in the guitar, it's in the hipgrinding sax, in the rollicking keys, in the pounding drums, or the singer's furious shreik. Kid Thomas' gutter growl on "Rockin' This Joint To-nite!" (backed by Link Wray) slashes like a switchblade.

Rock'n'Roll cut quicksilver through every border, separation, and preconception. It immediately greasefired through jukeboxes, radio waves, indie labels, and sock hops. By 1959 -even as fate and force took down Elvis, Buddy and Ritchie, Jerry Lee, Chuck, and Little Richard- it cascaded unabated through cover bands in Britain and France, Mexico and Spain, and by 1960 elbowed bold through Cuba, Japan, the Netherlands, Germany, and more dominos beyond. And contrary to any deleters, it was full of Rockin' women who fought harder for their shot at a blasting 45rpm than anyone. This was their moment, this was the renewed now.

This is the new music, tight, terse, loud, abrasive, cackling with wild abandon. It doesn't care what you think coz it knows how it feels. "Rave on, it's a crazy feeling/ I know it's got me reeling." It is our new communal faith, something to believe in with all our heart. That beat that beat that beat...

Rock'n'Roll is liberation.

© Tym Stevens

See also:

-Revolution 1950s: The Big Damn Bang of Rock'n'Roll!

-CHUCK BERRY: The Guitar God and His Disciples

-BO DIDDLEY: The Rhythm King and His Disciples

-BUDDY HOLLY: Rock's Everyman and His Disciples

-LITTLE RICHARD: The Voice of Rock and His Disciples

-JIMMY REED: The Groover of Rock, From Motown To Sesame Street

Tuesday, January 20, 2015

Revolution 1950s: The Big Damn Bang of Rock'n'Roll!

...with massive Music Player!

20 hours of international Rock'n'Roll music, in order from 1947 to 1960!

Spotify playlist title=

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*(This Player is limited to the first 200 songs.
Hear the unlimited double-length Playlist here.)

now brings you the actual, all-inclusive history of Rock'n'Soul music each week.

History Checklist

Let's start with the Big Bang itself, 1950s Rock'n'Roll.

The Revolution of 1950s Pop

Until 1955, radio belonged to the adults in America.

The pop charts were mainly somnolent syrup lulling war-weary elders into a saccharine trance. Music was the loll of reassurance and restraint. But small record labels, jukeboxes, and night owl radio waves changed that. The youth heard crazy voices whispering from this alien ether and acted on them. Overnight the word 'Pop' became a whole new universe, a joyful free-for-all, where everything combined and recombined in endless new shapes. What had been became everything that would be, blendered in the restless energy of the young.

What were the seeds of this cultural revolution?

Sax and electric guitar were a new jolt to Jazz in the decade before, leaping in and carousing like a drunk crasher. Their raunchy edge whipped the crowds crazy into communal spasms like the modern age had never seen. Swing Jazz orchestras pumped the war years up with brassy horn sections and liquid crystalline guitar. But war shortages pared the big bands down to quartet combos, easier to fit in a car and feed. In the late '40s these trimmed-back troubadours pounded out Jump Jive and Boogie Woogie to kids from coast to coast. The primal pulse was that Boogie. It shook hips without shame from juke joints to hoedowns nationwide. To this raw rhythm was added the refined sound of electric guitar. Les Paul and his cohort Mary Ford reeled off lightning licks so complex, mercurial, and high-pitched they sounded like they were chiming in from another world. And every kid with a twanger for thirty years would take notice.

Gutbucket Blues framed the skeleton of Rock. That wrestle with the Devil, with conscience, with life, all with laughing abandon. And that hard clang, that terse swagger, that moody intonation. Blues was the edge, the
truth. It infects blazers like Big Mama Thornton's "Hound Dog", LaVern Baker's "Jim Dandy", and Chuck Berry's "Reelin & Rockin" with its ambivilent zest.

Country hit a hard-twanging gallup in the early '50s with Honky Tonk music. While many blues masters scowled terse chords, hillbilly sages barnstormed the hayrides with blue streak riffs honed out of Bluegrass. It was the heady mix of blues fuel with country wildfire that ignited Rockabilly. Country riffs are rife throughout songs like Chuck Berry's "Too Much Monkey Business", Joe Clay's "Duck Tail", Carl Perkins' "Put Your Cat Clothes On", Ricky Nelson's "Believe What You Say", Little Jimmy Dickens' "I Got a Hole In My Pocket", and the hypersonic string wizardry of Joe Maphis and his 13-year-old accomplice, Larry Collins.

But Rock'n'Roll was no chess game, no black and white, not just Country and Blues.

It's a shock, I know, but listen up. Or rather, just listen to those records again, and look closer at the people making them. Like all actual culture, it was a jigsaw puzzle. Simultaneously it was splicing strings from Classical, slide from Hawaii, syncopation from Cuban Jazz, two-step from Tex-Mex, eerieness from Electronic music, and folk strains from all immigrant cultures.

Culture isn't constant or owned by a pure group. Culture is constantly renewing itself through everyone.

It is an intersection of ideas. We refract everything we've taken in. From each other, with each other, for each other.

Country kids (such as my Dad) hid radios under their pillows to taste all of the flavors of the world beyond and then became radio beacons made flesh. Soundwaves bypass all boundaries, whether on maps, in cultures, or in one's head.

Kindergarten activists who knock Elvis for singing a Blues song miss the point; he also sang Bluegrass, Pop, and Gospel songs in the same breath, and channeled them without the barriers. He made further music out of the music that he lived and breathed. Using a separatist model of colonialism on him would be ludicrous and oversimplified. Similarly, but unnoted, Chuck Berry and Bo Diddley made their breakthroughs based on Country songs simultaneously.

Elvis, like his generation, was the fruition of tearing down all separations. Rather than a King, he was part of a pantheon of young men and women rethinking the future. There was no ruler because there were no more rules. Everyone was king and queen, if only for a performance, a 45, a school dance, a love affair, a night ride, a new idea shared.

The '40s Jump Jive music and Jitterbug dances unleashed the shared Rock revolution.

The '50s was a smorgasbord, with sooo many flavors to choose from. Fats Domino tickling Crescent City piano rolls. The Big Bopper possessed by Jump Jive. The Five Satins converting Gospel chorals into soaring teen lust. Little Richard roaring out barrelhouse Blues past the speed of tongue. The Coasters trajecting the Marx Brothers through Rhythm and Blues. The Drifters wafting over epic string sections. Ronnie Self sneering wanton through Honky Tonk. The mighty Howlin' Wolf gargling gravel and electric Blues. The Everly Brothers countrifying the celtic hymn tradition. Santo & Johnny and the Ventures sailing out into the first ripples of Surf to come, with Mediterranean, Hasidic, and other worldly melodies churning beneath.

And the personalities. The smooth spacefaring glee of Mary Ford. The smoldering satisfaction of Ruth Brown. The cocksure Bo Diddley. The ethereal Platters, wings to the archangel Tony Williams. Lascivious Presley. The ever charming Carl Perkins. That hellion Wanda Jackson, so fair and fierce. The riotous theatrics of the Coasters and Don & Dewey. The eerie dreamscape of the Flamingos. The intense urgency of the seeming everyman Buddy Holly. The startling virtuosity of Jackie Wilson's performance of "Lonely Teardrops". And sweet Gene Vincent, blasting headlong and hardscrabble.

The Big Bang of Rock'n'Roll detonated ideas, debunked constrictions, fractured the status quo, burst past borders, blasted revelation, and birthed revolutions. Even as US politicians, bonfires, and disc jockeys moved to contain the shock, its waves already rebounded through the world.

Creativity is crossroads. Rock'n'Roll is a tryst of combined intimacies that deepen the soul and expand the mind. Boogie and Mambo (Cuarteto Don Ramon, Celia Cruz, Fay Simmons, Georgia Gibbs), Boogie and Country-Western (Merle Travis, Skeeter Davis, Big Joe Turner), Honky-Tonk and Boogie Blues (Forrest Sykes, Hank Williams, Clarence "Gatemouth" Brown, Bill Doggett), Rock and Gospel (Sister Rosetta Tharpe), along with Cha-Cha-Cha (Richard Berry's original "Louie Louie", Rene Touzet, Tiny Topsy) and Cajun (Hank Williams, Chiemi Eri, Dave Bartholomew) and Jazz (Peggy Lee, John Barry, King Curtis, Margie Anderson) everywhere. Human arts flow from heart to heart, and leave delusional limits in the dust.

Doo Wop came out of the Gospel quartet tradition, but went lateral lickety-split. Las Hermanas Navarro from Mexico were covering "Sh...Boom (Cancion Pop)" in 1954. There were many other all-female Doo Wop acts like The Debs, Gay Charmers, and Vikki Nelson. There were female-and-male acts like The Six Teens, The Platters, and Los Cincos Latinos (Argentina). The Crests ("16 Candles") had one female, one Italian-, one Puerto Rican-, and three African-American members.

The Crests

Segregation in the USA was a repressive martial law that went against the inclusive, diverse core of the immigrant nation, and it was already being overthrown in the music and on the dance floors. And around the world.

From 1956 onward, there was Rock music in Mexico (Los Rebeldes del Rock, Los Teen Tops), Canada (The Diamonds), Jamaica (Laurel Aitken), Cuba (Perez and Brana), Brazil (Celly Campello), Spain (Los Estudiantes), Africa (Jimmy Masuluke), England (Tommy Steele, John Barry), France (Johnny Hallyday, Catarine Caps), Germany (Little Gerhard), Sweden (Owe Thornqvist, Rock-Olga), Italy (Adriano Celentano), New Zealand (Max Merritt, Johnny Devlin), Australia (Johnny O'Keefe), South Korea (Shin Jung-hyeon), and Japan (Billy Morokawa, The Peanuts).

The Chantels

And, as in all things, women were straight there with it, just as strong for the long with every song. Big Mama Thornton, Ella Mae Morse, Ruth Brown, Wanda Jackson, Sister Rosetta Tharpe, Janis Martin, LaVern Baker, Lorrie Collins, Etta James, and The Chantels, a singing band who played their own instruments. Emancipation exclamation.

These voices gave voice to all the un-adults, to their dreams, pains, schemes, and refrains. It lit the secret night like a clarion call only they could hear and act upon. It understood the addled essence of adolescence, the comedy of errors that was their lot. It promised them a world without constriction where anything could happen, if they took up the call...

In 1955, the future belonged to the young.

© Tym Stevens

See also:

-The Real History of Rock and Soul!: A Manifesto, A Handy Checklist

-1950s PUNK: Sex, Thugs, and Rock'n'Roll!

-CHUCK BERRY: The Guitar God and His Disciples

-BO DIDDLEY: The Rhythm King and His Disciples

-BUDDY HOLLY: Rock's Everyman and His Disciples

-LITTLE RICHARD: The Voice of Rock and His Disciples

-JIMMY REED: The Groover of Rock, From Motown To Sesame Street

-1950s Rock, A: The '60s Disciples

-1950s Rock, B: The '70s Disciples

-1950s Rock, C: The '80s disciples‏

-1950s Rock, D: The '90s disciples‏

-1950s Rock, E: The 2000s disciples‏

-1950s Rock, E: The 2010s disciples‏

Monday, January 19, 2015

The Real History of ROCK AND SOUL!: A Music Player Checklist

Learn and hear the Real History
of Rock and Soul with over

150 music players

ROCK Sex presents the actual history of Rock.

Each week, see and hear everything they never tell you or play for you!

Hear music players that will totally redefine and expand every style of music!

Chapter links:



Each week, ROCK Sex will post essays with music players of every music genre, to rattle brains and shake asses.

Conventional views of Rock history are limited and divisive. The mature view is holistic and inclusive.

Here are the basic new rules.

Little Richard, Alis Lesley, Eddie Cochran

- This history playlist party includes everyone with no divisions, no exclusion, no borders, and no limits.

Booker T and The MGs

- Any Either/Or gets shown the door...
there's only And/Also, compadre.

Prince And The Revolution

- It's nope again to outmoded separatists, absolutists, or frozen traditions.

Tribe 8

- Because culture is not static or owned...
it is fluid and honed.
True creativity is hybrid, and everyone brings something new to it, continuously.

There's an entire world of great unheralded music to explore.

Tune in each week to ROCK Sex to read and hear the true history of Rock'n'Soul!


As each Playlist overview debuts weekly,
the link will appear next to the > arrow.

Each music player will be exhaustive and all-inclusive. Each will be in chronological order for progression and context. Each genre will include tons of unexpected guests who belong in that party.

Surprises, rarities, and revelations galore!



In Chronological Order

101 great songs from 101 great albums, for each decade! (7 music players)

300 Great Albums:
A 300-song overview of seven decades
>300 GREAT ALBUMS That Will Change Your Life!: 1956-2015

MUSIC 101:
One song each from 101 essential albums from each decade
>MUSIC 101: The 1950s
>MUSIC 101: The 1960s
>MUSIC 101: The 1970s
>MUSIC 101: The 1980s
>MUSIC 101: The 1990s
>MUSIC 101: The 2000s


1950s Rock'n'Roll
The radically diverse universe of Fifties rockin' musics (1 music player)
>Revolution 1950s: The Big Damn Bang of Rock'n'Roll!

1950s Punk and Sex
The rawest, raunchiest Fifties songs that predated Punk (1 music player)
>1950s PUNK: Sex, Thugs, and Rock'n'Roll!

  • Chuck Berry

  • Bo Diddley

  • Buddy Holly

  • Little Richard

  • Jimmy Reed

  • A music player for each artist, and a second for all of their disciples up to today (10 music players)
    >Chuck Berry
    >Bo Diddley
    >Buddy Holly
    >Little Richard
    >Jimmy Reed

    1950s Rock'n'Roll Disciples
    The torchbearers of Fifties rock in each separate decade to today (5 music players)
    >1950s Rock, A: The '60s Disciples
    >1950s Rock, B: The '70s Disciples
    >1950s Rock, C: The '80s disciples‏
    >1950s Rock, D: The '90s disciples‏
    >1950s Rock, E: The 2000s disciples
    >1950s Rock, F: The 2010s disciples

  • "Louie Louie"

  • "Peter Gunn"

  • "House of the Rising Sun"

  • The influence of each song from then to now (3 music players)
    >The Legacy of LOUIE LOUIE
    >The Pedigree of PETER GUNN

    John Barry
    His influential soundtrack music and his disciples (2 music players)
    >JOHN BARRY: The Influence Of The JAMES BOND Sound On Pop Music

    Surf Rock classics, and their impact on music across the years (2 music players)
    >Shock Waves: How SURF MUSIC Saved Rock'n'Roll!

    Brian Wilson
    and The Beach Boys
    The Boys' history and their acolytes (3 music players)
    >BRIAN WILSON-esque: All The Songs Imitating His BEACH BOYS Music Styles!

    Girl Groups
    Girl Groups and their influence (2 music players)

    >YOU DON'T OWN ME: The Uprising of the 1960s GIRL GROUPS (#1 of 2)
    >SHE'S A REBEL: Decades Of Songs Influenced By The GIRL GROUPS (#2 of 2)

    The Women of Rock
    A thorough herstory of the massive amount of women who shape Rock'n'Soul, from the 1950s to today (14 music players)
    >WOMEN OF ROCK: The 1950s
    >WOMEN OF ROCK: The 1960s

    The Wrecking Crew
    All the hits that the '60s session musicians played on (1 music player)

    An overview of Motown Records and its disciples (4 music players)

    An overview of Stax Records and its disciples (2 music players)

  • "You Can't Hurry Love"

  • "You Really Got Me"

  • "Satisfaction"

  • "I Want To Take You Higher"

  • The influence of each song from then to now (4 music players)

    British Invasion
    The mid-'60s bands, the famous and the should've-been (1 music player)

    An incomprehensibly large galaxy of Beatles-inspired music, both song-by-song and album-by-album (12 music players)

  • Lennon-esque

  • McCartney-esque

  • Harrison-esque

  • Imitators of their Beatles sounds and then their solo sounds (8 music players)

  • Dylan-esque

  • Rolling Stones-esque

  • Led Zeppelin-esque

  • The artists and their followers (6 music players)

    Soul '60s
    Soul music around the world (1 music player)

    Country Soul
    The deep overlap of Country and Soul music from the 1950s to 1970s (1 music player)

    Garage Rock
    Fuzzy nuggets and their origins (2 music players)

    Girls In the Garage
    All the women of Beat Music, Garage Rock, and Psychedelia, from the 1960s to today (2 music players)

    Psychedelic music from 1966 to 1973 (2 music players)

    Psychedelic Soul
    Soul, Jazz, Funk, and HipHop musicians in Psychedelia, from the '60s to today (2 music players)

    Nuggets 1970s-2010s
    Beat Music, Garage Rock, and Psychedelic revivals from 1970 to now (5 music players)

    Spaghetti Westerns
    Italian Western soundtracks and their influence on popular music (3 music players)
    >How SPAGHETTI WESTERNS Revolutionized Rock Music!

  • Ennio Morricone

  • Piero Umiliani

  • Luis Bacalov

  • Piero Piccioni

  • Bruno Nicolai

  • Alessandro Alessandroni

  • Edda Dell'Orso

  • The musicians behind the diverse '60s Italians soundtracks (7 music players)

    Soul '70s
    Soul from all angles (1 music player)

    Funk 1960s-2010s
    A deep history of Funk music from the '60s to today (15 music players)

  • James Brown-esque

  • Sly Stone-esque

  • Parliament Funkadelic-esque

  • Overviews of the artists, plus players of their sonic disciples (10 music players)
    >SLICE TONES: Sly Stone & His Infinite Influence!

    Glam Rock
    Glam and its glommers (2 music players)

    Prog Rock
    The roots and evolution of Progressive Rock, Funk, Electronic, and Jazz, 1965-1980 (1 music player)

    Hard Rock
    Brutal chords from 1965 to 1980 (1 music player)

    Punk roots
    The origins of Punk from the '50s to 1975 (1 music player)

    Punk '70s
    Punk from around the world, 1975 through 1979 (1 music player)

    Progressive music in the surge of Punk, 1976-1984 (1 music player)

    New Wave
    All variants of music lumped as New Wave from 1976-1984 (2 music players)

    Power Pop
    From its '60s origins to today (1 music player)

    Mutant Disco
    An alternative reality of experimental disco, 1974-1984 (1 music player)

    Hip Hop
    The history of Rap from 1978 through 1999 (2 music players)

    Alternate Rap
    A parallel history of rhythm and vocal poetics (1 music player)

    Beastie Boy samples
    All the samples in order for the "Paul's Boutique" album (1 music player)

    Public Enemy samples
    All the samples in order for the "It Takes A Nation" album (1 music player)

    The 'Amen Break'
    The myriad modern songs all built on a drum loop from The Winston's 1969 "Amen Brother" (1 music player)

    Alternative '80s
    The history of alternative musics from 1980 through 1989 (1 music player)

    Alternative '90s
    The history of alternative musics from 1990 through 1999 (1 music player)

    The whole Grunge arc from 1986 to 1998+ (1 music player)

    Riot Grrrl
    A gloss on Revolution Girl Style Now (1 music player)

    Twin Peaks
    The soundtracks and influence of Lynch's "Twin Peaks" on music (5 music players)
    >TWIN PEAKS: Its Influence on 20 Years of Film, TV, and Music!

    Trip Hop
    The roots and history of TripHop, 1962 to today (1 music player)

    Soul: 1980s, 1990s, 2000s, 2010s
    The many faces of international Soul across the decades. (4 music players)

    The history of Electronic Music and Pop, from the 1950s to now (3 music players)

    Afro Punk
    AfroPunk: The Roots, and The Now Wave (2 music player)


    All songs about superheroes, comics, and comic strips

    Lonely Astronauts
    Major Tom and fellow drifters
    >Ground Control To Major Tom: The Lonely Astronaut Movies

    The Canon 1
    Songs influenced by famous speculative fiction books, 1700 -1940
    >The Canon: 50 Books That Created Modern Pop Culture

    The Canon 2
    Songs influenced by famous speculative fiction books, 1940-1970
    >The Canon 2: 50 More Books That Created Modern Pop Culture

    The Canon 3
    Songs influenced by famous speculative fiction books, 1960-2015



    After this general overview of Rock'n'Soul, there will be a second wave.


    Many musics influenced Rock'n'Roll. There will be music players for each music and the songs inspired by it.:

    -Indian sitar


    Culture is an ongoing party,
    everyone is invited!

    © Tym Stevens